Solar Energy in Pakistan
by Zyma Arsalan
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Energy and the production of electricity has become a road blocker for economic success and prosperity. Pakistan is currently looking for alternative means of energy. Solar Energy is by far the easiest and highly recommended alternative source of energy in this region. It provides a massive influx of heat to a larger population.
International Energy Agency and other regional international bodies are exploring new ways to promote solar energy specifically in the south-east asia region. The objective of propagating a new source of energy is to secure the energy generation through an inexhaustible source and most importantly reduce pollution. Allowing the sun and heat sources to develop energy allows for lowering the cost of mitigating climate change and ensuring that fossil fuel prices lower than otherwise.
These advantages are global and pave the path for a sustainable model of energy throughout Pakistan.
Solar Energy can be consumed for commercial, office, and the corporate segment. Before we begin and describe solar energies for homes and commercial use, let us first understand how solar energy works.
Current Status of Solar Energy in this Region
Pakistan is uniquely located such that it has extensive solar rays coming to it. It has certain regions that are extremely hot for over 6 months in a year. In fact, several international organizations, countries and even the government of Pakistan have opened different solar plants across the nation. The cost of maintenance is high and hence has not become the sole or even alternative for energy. It will take time for the solar energy to be a viable solution. However, with the cheaper solar equipment, the cost will eventually be sustainable. The other challenge is its distribution.
How Solar Energy works?
Step 1 – The sun is the main source of energy. It provides the sun rays for equipment on earth to absorb and generate new forms of energy. As the run rays pass through the atmosphere, many of the harmful rays are blocked out. Ultra Violet rays are blocked and the rays that tend to come forth are the ones that are beneficial for humanity.
Solar Energy is derived from the engineering and algorithms associated with how the sun rays interact with different materials and produces electricity. solar energy has been an engineering driven science for over twenty years. In the last five years has it become a viral system and cultivated into different segments of the market. various methodologies have been used and photovoltaic panels are the best solutions available to absorb the lights and create volumes of electricity
2. Photovoltaic cells are designed specifically to solar and thermal power rays. The solar power cells have a negative and positive field. Photovoltaic cells are also called solar panel cells, solar cells and simply cell plates. These are different names given to them. The cells or plates comprises of photons and as they are absorbed by silicon, they become free as electrons through the bottom of the cell and passes through wires as electricity. This is called DC power and will require a converter to transmit AC power into homes and residential areas.
Solar Thermal is a bit different methodology. The sun rays are used to heat water for smaller segments like a residence or small office. For a large-scale operations the same solar energy is used to heat oil that further produces steam and throttles machines, turbines and other larger mechanical cycles. In essence, the electricity that can be produced through this method can also produce electricity to thousands of households and commercial buildings.
Solary Energy for Homes in Pakistan
The power sector still needs ample time to provide quality electricity to the homes and residential areas of Pakistan. Hence the need to grow the solar segment. The solar energy solution depends upon many variables. For example, the total need of the consumer, budget and the quality of rays during peak hours. All of these variables need to be adjusted into the solution. Also there are so many specialized solutions that can be made for the consumer depending upon the need and budget.
In our experience and successfully installing solar panels to over 4,000 households in Pakistan, we recommend that the residential teams visit the customer and get a clear understanding of the need and then build the solution. Read more about solar energy for homes.